Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to a more serious condition that in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In severe cases, teeth are lost. Once diagnosed gum disease can be stopped, or slowed, or may get worse depending a great deal on how well you care for your teeth and gums . The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed. from this point onward. Our mouths are full of bacteria, mucus and other particles which form "plaque" on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed hardens and forms “tartar”. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar
Gingivitis means “inflammation of the gums”. The gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.
When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to "periodontitis" which means "inflammation around the tooth." In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called "pockets") that become infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body's natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed